Arapaima Information

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Arapaima Information



Greetings,

This post is some general information about the ancient Arapaima Gigas.



Unless you own a large pond, keeping these fish is not recommended due to their large size and proclivity to launching themselves from the water when cornered or threatened, not to mention the fact that the species is threatened in the wild.

Enjoy the information and as always feel free to post your own thoughts and opinions.

Size: Arapaima is among the largest, if not the absolute largest freshwater fish species. Estimated maximum size is Up to 9 ft (2.75 m).

Housing: As mentioned above, even though Arapaima are attainable, unless you have the means to provide a 10,000 US gal (37,854L) to permanently house the fish for life, this doesn’t mean you should still get one.

How not to keep an arapaima!!

!

General: Also known as the paiche or the pirarucu, the arapaima is an air-breathing fish that plies the rain forest rivers of South America's Amazon Basin and nearby lakes and swamps. One of the world's largest freshwater fish, these giants can reach 9 feet (2.75 meters) long and weigh up to 440 pounds (200 kilograms). They have a wide, scaly, gray body and a tapered head.

Though arapaimas can stay underwater for 10 to 20 minutes, they tend to remain near the water's surface, where they hunt and emerge often to breathe with a distinctive coughing noise. They survive mainly on fish but are known to occasionally grab birds close to the water's surface.

The arapaima's proximity to the water's surface makes it vulnerable to human predators, who can easily target them with harpoons. Some indigenous communities consume the arapaima's meat and tongue and collect its large scales, which are fashioned into jewelry and other items.

The Amazon's seasonal floods have become part of the arapaima's reproductive cycle. During low-water months (February to April) arapaimas construct bottom nests and females lay eggs. Young begin to hatch as rising water levels provide them with flood conditions in which to flourish. Adult males play an unusual reproductive role by incubating tens of thousands of eggs in their mouths, guarding them aggressively and moving them when necessary.

While this giant fish's habitat is relatively unmolested, overfishing has become a serious problem, and some South American authorities have attempted to enact protections.

In their natural habitat, the Arapaima is a CITES II protected species. Commercial fishing for them has been banned by local governments and only natives may catch arapaima to eat as food.


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Matt replied the topic: Re: Arapaima Information

Reserved

cebosound wrote: Waterchange, Waterchange, waterchange... till your knuckles are bleeding. ;) :lol:

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Miss Nicki replied the topic: Re: Arapaima Information

Wow... Great Info!!!

They are so cool!
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Matt replied the topic: Re: Arapaima Information

Thanks :D

They really are my favorite fish. Someday when i'm rich and famous I'll have a whole pond full of them lol.

cebosound wrote: Waterchange, Waterchange, waterchange... till your knuckles are bleeding. ;) :lol:

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turtle lover replied the topic: Re: Arapaima Information

Nice River Monsters! That is my most favorite fish in River Monsters. One problem: Arapaimas aren't the largest freshwater fish in the world. There are stingrays and catfishes in Thailand that are bigger.
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Matt replied the topic: Re: Arapaima Information

Oh i've seen them too, the mekong giant catfish and stingray. Careful wording though, "among" the largest. Most of that info came off National Geographic anyway.

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DRACO replied the topic: Re: Arapaima Information

a couple of years ago, i had seen a 7 footer male arapaima at the AVILON ZOO near
my place. unfortunately, it died for unknown reason.... and the zoo make study of
it... not sure if they were able to find why it died.

Presently, there are a couple of hundreds 2 footer being exported to some buyers.
our ocean park at mega manila also got their arapaima from there....
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Matt replied the topic: Re: Arapaima Information

Yea I found a lot of photos from mega manila, quite impressive.

cebosound wrote: Waterchange, Waterchange, waterchange... till your knuckles are bleeding. ;) :lol:

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DRACO replied the topic: Re: Arapaima Information

2 four footer arapaima at the Avilon....
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Matt replied the topic: Re: Arapaima Information

From what I was reading, they've apparently been introduced in the wild in some parts of Asia, don't remember where exactly, but they're considered an invasive species!

But apparently there, they have no natural predators, so they just grow huge and eat everything.

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